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Cattitudes: The Secrets Behind Strange Cat Behavior

Cats can be strange animals, exhibiting behavior that is often elusive and bizarre. Cats appear to be quite intelligent and so we tend to blame their actions on vindictive and premeditated thoughts. However, as with all animals, there is a different explanation for these behaviors. But what are the reasons cats do what they do?

Check out some of these CATTITUDES:

Excessive Meowing

Meowing is a form of communication. When your cat meows at you he or she is trying to get your attention. There may be a problem, a want or a need that the cat is trying to get across or they may just be bored and wanting some human interaction. Constant meowing, unless related to a medical problem, should be ignored otherwise you may encourage your cat to continue, creating a behavioral problem.


Cats may bite while being petted. While we assume that this is nasty behavior it is simply the cats means of telling you to stop when he or she cannot figure out another way of letting you know that they have had enough. This can be avoided if you are aware of the signals that precede biting. For example, wildly flicking tail, ears laid back, dilating pupils, or a tensing body. If you recognize an indication that the cat has had enough stop touching him or her and let them move away on their own.

Bumping You With Their Head

This behavior may seem strange however this is a sign of affection. It is a popular misconception that a cat shows its affection by rubbing its head and body against you however the cat is only marking its territory by doing this. “Head bonks” or “bunting” is the only behavior that a cat exhibits that truly suggests they are being affectionate.


While we may assume that a cat is acting out when he or she claws at the furniture or carpet in actual fact it is a natural instinct. By doing this the cat is marking their territory to which they will return later and claw again. As with any natural behavior it may be tough to control therefore providing a scratching post and trimming your cat’s nails to lessen the damage is important.

Beelining to People That Don’t Like Them

Isn’t it always the case that a cat heads straight to the one person in the room that is afraid of them or dislikes them? While we may interpret this as odd, a cat simply sees this person as friendly and non-threatening. Others who are looking to the cat and calling out to him or her may come across as threatening and therefore they will always choose to go to the person who wants them least!

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Pet Care: Holiday Safety Tips

During the holiday season it is important to keep a close eye on your animals, especially around food and decorations. Here are some common hazards to watch out for.

    • Rich, fatty foods, like gravy or grease. If consumed by animals, this can cause problems
       such as an upset stomach and even pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas resulting
       in pain, vomiting and dehydration). As well, bones can be very dangerous and even fatal
       to pets if swallowed.

    • Alcohol. Many dogs are attracted to the sweet taste of some alcoholic beverages
       however, if consumed, your pet can become easily become intoxicated. If ingested, your
       pet may become weak, ill and may even go into a coma. A dog can die from only a small
       amount of alcohol therefore it is important to keep drinks out of your pet’s reach and to
       clean up glasses and left over drinks after a party.

    • Chocolate, coffee, and tea. All of these contain dangerous components called xanthines,
       which cause nervous or urinary system damage and heart muscle stimulation.
       Consumption can cause problems ranging from diarrhea to seizures and even death. Be
       sure to place all fudge, candy, chocolate and other potentially harmful food and drinks
       out of your pet’s reach.

    • Uncooked yeast dough. Consumption of baking materials such as this can cause expansion
       and the production of gas in the digestive system; this will cause pain and can even
       rupture the stomach or intestines.

    • Grapes and raisins. These contain an unknown toxin, which can damage a pet’s kidneys
       and should therefore not be consumed.

    • Macadamia nuts. These nuts also contain an unknown toxin that can affect the digestive

       system, nervous system and muscles of dogs.

    • Holly (leaves and berries). If ingested, holly may cause stomach upset, nausea, vomiting
       and diarrhea. Holly can be potentially fatal to both dogs and cats.

    • Mistletoe. If consumed, mistletoe will upset your pet’s stomach and can cause heart

    • Hibiscus. If ingested hibiscus may cause diarrhea.

    • Poinsettias. These plants have an irritating sap that can cause blistering in your pet’s
       mouth as well as stomach upset.

    • Lilies. If ingested, lilies can cause kidney failure in cats.

    • Ribbons, yarn, and string. These can cause intestinal obstruction and bunching of the
       intestine along the length of the string. Conditions such as this require surgery and may 
       even be fatal.

    • Tree needles. These can be toxic to your pet and cause mouth and stomach irritation.
       Even the needles from artificial trees can pose a problem.

    • Tinsel.  If consumed, tinsel can cause blockages, which often require surgery to remove.

    • Angel hair, flocking, and artificial snow. These products are only mildly toxic however, if
       consumed in large amounts they can cause blockages of the intestine.

    • Electrical cords, including light cords. If chewed on, electrical cords can cause problems
       including burned mouths, electrical shock and death by electrocution.

    • Glass ornaments. Sharp ornament hooks and glass decorations can become embedded in
       your pet’s mouth or esophagus and can cause serious lacerations to the mouth.

In order to protect your pet from these holiday dangers be sure to put food away immediately, and pet-proof your garbage. Place plants well out of your pet’s reach and make sure to unplug decorative lights when you are not home. Place any small, shiny or breakable ornaments high up on your tree and do not decorate with food. If you take your pet to friends or families homes be sure to keep an eye on them, especially around food and decorations.

From all of us at Absorbent Products Ltd., have a safe and happy holiday!

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Inappropriate Elimination in Cats

According to the ASPCA, one in every 10 cats will exhibit inappropriate elimination in his or her lifetime. This lapse in litter box use is most often due to a common problem or circumstance and can therefore usually be corrected. It is important, however, to consult a veterinarian in order to identify the problem and rule out a medical condition.

Some of the most common (non-medical) reasons for inappropriate elimination include:

1. The litter box is not cleaned often enough.

2. Your cat does not like the brand or type of litter. Often this can be determined to be the case if your cat is not digging in the litter, if he or she is shaking their paws after leaving, trying to eliminate while standing on the edge of the box or running out of the litter box immediately after using it.

3. Your cat does not like the scent of the perfumed litter.

4. The litter is too shallow. The litter should be kept at a constant depth of at least 4 inches.

5. The location of the litter box has been changed. If you move the litter box, your cat may continue to eliminate in the original location, or he or she may select another spot and continue to use that area.

6. The old litter box is removed and replaced with a new one.

7. Too harsh of a cleaning product has been used to clean out the litter box.

8. The location of the litter box is too busy or not private enough for your cat. High traffic areas and locations near loud appliances or other equipment are not recommended.

9. The home is too large for just one litter box or there are too many cats and not enough litter boxes. Ideally, your home should have one litter box for every cat in the house, plus one.

10. Your cat is kept from using the litter box by another animal in the house.

11. Your cat is stressed by a change in routine or environment, including a new baby, new furniture, work schedule changes, vacations, overnight guests or a move.

12. Your cat has developed a litter box aversion. This can occur if he or she experiences an unpleasant event while in the litter box. This can include pain associated with urinary tract inflammation or constipation, or being frightened by a dog or another cat.

13. The use of box liners, hoods and plastic underlay is deterring the cat from using the box.

It is important to note that inappropriate elimination and territory marking are completely separate issues with different characterizing behaviors.

What Can I Do to Address Inappropriate Elimination?

First, it is important to rule out medical problems by consulting your veterinarian. If your cat’s inappropriate elimination is due to a behavioral problem there are several ways of trying to address the issue:

1. Determine what cat litter your cat prefers. Present your cat with different litter choices in order to discover if there is a product that he or she prefers over the present litter you are using.

2. Make the litter box as attractive as possible. Scoop it out daily and clean the entire box every week or two with mild soap and water, making sure to rinse thoroughly.

3. Ensure that the litter box is large enough for the cat. It should be approximately 1 1/2 times the length of the cat and sufficiently wide enough for the cat to easily turn around.

4. Make sure there are enough litter boxes in the house (one per cat, plus one) and that they are spread around the house.

5. Consider the litter box location. Cats don’t like to be disturbed while in the litter box, so ensure that litter boxes are in quiet, low trafficked areas. As well, be sure to keep litter boxes away from your cat’s food and water dishes.

6. Try to discourage your cat from using the inappropriate area for elimination. For instance, place a litter box in that area then gradually, once your cat is using the box consistently, move the box, inch by inch, to a more appropriate area. As well, you could try placing your cat’s food or toys over the area. Another option, if possible, is to make the inappropriate area inaccessible, at least for a while, so that you can retrain the cat to use the litter boxes. If this is not practical, try to create an aversion to the area by placing tinfoil, heavy plastic, deodorizers, or cologne in the area. Please note: residual odor in the inappropriate area can attract your cat back to that area. It is therefore important that it be thoroughly cleaned and any odor removed.

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Cat Behavior: Inappropriate Elimination vs. Urine Marking

Inappropriate elimination and urine marking are separate issues with different solutions. It is therefore important to be able to identify which problem you are dealing with. In order to distinguish between these two problems, it is important to pay close attention to your cat’s behavior as well as the locations in which your cat is eliminating.

Signs of a cat who is exhibiting inappropriate elimination include:

• The litter box is used infrequently, if at all

• The litter box is used only for defecation but not urination or vice-versa

• Large amounts of urine are deposited in the inappropriate area

• Your cat exhibits a definitive urinating posture (squatting to eliminate)

• Carpets and rugs are often targeted

• Only two to three locations are used

Signs of a cat who is urine marking include:

• Fairly normal litter box use, along with the strategic location of urine marks

• Urination is mostly on vertical surfaces (though cats that are urine marking may sometimes
   mark horizontal surfaces as well)

• Only small amounts of urine are deposited in the inappropriate area

• Your cat displays a typical posture while marking, which includes backing up to the object,
   lifting and often quivering the tail, and treading with the back feet

• The locations of urination are many and varied

For more information on inappropriate elimination and how to address the issue, please see:Inappropriate Elimination in Cats

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Cat Behavior: Urine Marking

Urine marking is a form of communication used by cats in the wild to make statements about what territory belongs to them, how long ago they were there, when other cats can expect them to return as well as information regarding mating. While domestic cats do not require this type of communication for survival, as cats in the wild do, they are still motivated by nature to use these communication skills. Urine marking is therefore not a litter box problem but, rather, a communication problem.

Often cats will urine mark if they are distressed. This helps them to keep unwanted individuals away and to create a familiar environment that they can feel secure in.

Reasons for urine marking may be:

• Your cat is an unneutered male. Female cats and neutered and spayed cats may urine
   mark as well however unneutered males are more likely to do so.

• You have multiple cats in your home. As the number of cats in a household increases, the
   more likely it is that at least one of them will urine mark.

• A change has occurred in the household. Changes that may cause a cat to become
  distressed can range from bringing home a new or unusual object to doing renovations.

• Your cat is experiencing conflict with another cat in the house or cats that he or she sees

In order to address a urine marking problem it is important to first rule out medical problems. In the case that your veterinarian has determined that your cat doesn’t have a medical condition, consider the following options:

• Neuter or spay your cat.

• Close windows, blinds and doors to prevent your cat from seeing other neighborhood cats.

• Deter neighborhood cats from coming into your yard with a motion-detection device.

• Make sure to provide a sufficient number of litter boxes. Although marking is not a litter
   box problem, too few litter boxes can contribute to urine marking if conflict arises over
   litter box use. Ideally your home should have a litter box for every cat, plus one extra.

• Be sure that the litter boxes are in low-traffic area with at least two exit routes in order to
   help your cat(s) avoid conflict with other pets in the home.

• Scoop and clean out litter boxes often, in order to reduce the scent of other cats. As well,
   make sure to clean up all accidents outside of the litter box thoroughly with a product that
   neutralizes pet odors.

• Provide multiple sources of food, water, scratching posts, perching areas and toys in order
  to reduce the likelihood of conflict.

For more information on how to distinguish between urine marking and inappropriate elimination check out: Cat Behavior: Inappropriate Elimination vs. Urine Marking

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Pet Waste Disposal

Did you know that most landfills do not allow pet waste to be disposed of at their facilities? Animal waste in landfills can lead to water contamination and methane gas production. Pet waste cannot be left without being disposed of either, as it can cause bacterial contamination if washed into waterways and may harm fish and other wildlife through the depletion of oxygen levels. Pet waste can contain diseases and parasites that can affect both people and pets

So how can pet waste be disposed of safely? Below are some options for proper disposal.

Buried pet waste in the back yard

Note: pet waste should not be buried near vegetable gardens. The best place to bury waste is near ornamental trees or shrubs.

Compost it

Note: do not add pet waste to your regular compost bin, as it can retain odors, attract pests and make your compost unhealthy. As well, kitty litter cannot be composted with pet waste.

Flush pet waste down the toilet

Note: be sure to remove all dirt and kitty litter, as these materials can cause blockages in sewer lines. As well, be sure to check with your local waste water management facility to see if waste bags labeled “flushable, water soluble or biodegradable” can be flushed with the waste.

Use a pet waste management service

As a final note, it is important that you do not put pet waste in storm sewer drains. They do not connect to the waste water treatment facilities that your toilet does and therefore doing so can pollute water and create possible health risks to people and animals.

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How to Choose Cat Litter

Choosing the right kitty litter is a balance between what your cat prefers and what is affordable and easy for you to use.

A major indicator of whether or not you are using the best product is how your cat feels about their litter. Often, cats will avoid their litter boxes and even do their business in inappropriate places if they are not fond of the litter that is in their box. (For more information on inappropriate elimination see: Inappropriate Elimination in Cats)

With kittens, it is advised that a traditional non-clumping cat litter be used. Kittens tend to be curious creatures and may eat the litter. Due to the swelling properties of clumping litter, it is best if the cat litter is non-clumping. For cats that have open or recent wounds, pelleted or paper litter may be advisable because it is less likely to irritate the wound.

From 6 months on, your cat may be moved to a clumping cat litter. Pet owners find clumping litters to be more efficient. They find clumping cat litter much easier to use, as waste can easily be discarded and the contents of the entire box does not need to be changed nearly as often.

When it comes to scented versus non-scented, it is strictly a personal choice. Scented products are often preferred by pet owners because they mask unwanted odors, however the decision really depends on your cat’s preference and whether he or she will use a scented litter.

If allergies are an issue for you or your cat, a dust free product may be necessary. Again your cat’s preference is very important when it comes to choosing which litter to purchase.

If you are having difficulty finding a litter that your cat likes, try filling two boxes with different types of litter and observing which your cat chooses to use. This tactic is also useful when you are trying to switch brands or types of litter. Simply put out two pans, each with a different type of litter and your cat will select the litter that it prefers. Another solution is to gradually introduce your cat to the new type of litter by mixing the old with the new, slowly increasing the amount of new litter until the entire box contains only the new product.

Cats will not hesitate to let you know if they are unhappy with their litter. Most often when you find your cat avoiding the litter box, it is due to the type of litter being used or a dirty litter box that needs to be cleaned. Finding a litter that your pet prefers is the key to correct litter behavior.

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Your Senior Cat: Changes to Expect

Much like humans, as cats get older they change both physically and behaviorally. Below are certain physical and behavioral changes that you can expect to see from your aging cat.

• As a cat ages he or she may lose weight due to a decreased ability to digest and absorb fat.

• Senior cats may become dehydrated and constipated, as they often fail to drink enough
  water. Constipation can also be caused by a slower digestive system and arthritis or 
  anal-gland problems. It may even signal serious disease and should be discussed with a

• A cat may get grey or white hair, especially on their face. They may experience thinning and
  texture changes in their hair as well. Sudden changes in a cat’s coat can also signify
  nutritional deficiencies and should be discussed with a veterinarian.

• An aging cat’s skin can become thinner, drier and less elastic, making him or her more prone
  to injury and infections. Good nutrition is important and brushing your cat will help to
  stimulate the oil gland that will lubricate the skin and coat. Grooming also allows you to
  check for any lumps, bumps, or non-healing sores.

• Older cats will not use their scratching posts nearly as often as younger cats. This is because
  with age a cat’s claws become drier and more brittle. Again, good nutrition along with
  frequent nail trimming will help to keep your cat’s claws healthy.

• Dental disease is also common, especially gum disease, and can cause life-threatening 
  complications. This can be minimized with routine dental care including brushing your cat’s

• Cats may also develop arthritis as they age. This may cause them to be stiff, sore and
  reluctant to move around. If you notice that your cat is experiencing these signs please talk
  to your vet.

• It is important to encourage your senior cat to exercise, as older cats may lose muscle mass
  and tone. If your cat is unable to exercise, massaging his or her joints and muscles everyday
  may help to keep these joints and muscles flexible.

• Hearing loss is also common in older cats, although it may go unnoticed. If your cat often
  responds to you with a swat or a bite he or she may be losing their hearing. These reactions
  often occur when a cat is startled therefore reactions like this may signify a cat’s inability to
  hear you as you approach them. When a cat loses his or her hearing due to aging it is usually

• Loss of vision may also occur in older cats. Common signs of vision loss include bumping in
  to things and a lack of interest in moving objects. Older cats’ eyes often become cloudy
  however this does not usually have any effect on vision. If any sudden changes are noticed
  in the appearance of the eyes or your cat’s behavior please contact your vet.

• Older cats are often less adept at handling stress. This means that things like bringing home 
  a new kitten or puppy may not be the best idea.

• An aging cat may become crabby. However, crabbiness in the form of aggression can signify
  something else such as a response to pain or fear. Behavior such as this may alert you to
  other illnesses or old age issues such as loss of hearing or vision. If your cat becomes
  aggressive please consult your veterinarian.

• One of the most common problems with senior cats is inappropriate elimination. Older cats may make a mess outside of the cat litter box and even spray. This can be due to a medical problem as well as stress.

Older cats have to use their litter boxes more often due to changes in their digestive tracts and urinary systems. This means that you may have to clean the litter box more frequently and accommodate your senior cat by lowering the sides of the litter box and having more than one box throughout the house if mobility is a problem. It is important to understand that this is due to aging and most likely not a behavioral issue. Therefore be patient with your senior cat and do not scorn him or her for occasional accidents outside of the litter box. In this case, a vet check may also be a good idea.

Older cats may also develop altered sleep-awake cycles. In order to help with this try playing with your cat before bed time as well as changing his or her feeding time.

It is important to monitor your cat more closely as he or she ages. Changes in physical appearance and behavior may not just be signs of old age but can also signify more serious diseases and issues. If you have any concerns or see any sudden changes in your cat’s appearance or behavior please consult a veterinarian.

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Goats: Raising Goats as Pets

Goats are most commonly found on farms however they are becoming increasingly popular as pets. Like any other pet, a goat is a big commitment and the decision to keep a goat as a pet should not be taken lightly or rushed in to.

For the most part goats make good pets. They are easy to handle, curious, friendly and make great companions. There are many breeds available and nearly any breed can be raised as a pet or companion.

Most people prefer smaller breeds such as dwarf or pygmy goats. As well, female goats and castrated male goats (also known as wethers) are preferred to intact males. This is because intact males tend to get larger and will be more aggressive. It should also be noted that male goats will have an offensive odor during the fall (mating season).

All goats are born with horns. Disbudded goats often make better pets than those that have horns. This is because animals with horns can get their heads stuck in fences and other areas and may use their horns as weapons against other animals or people. As well, it is best to choose a breed that does not require shearing.

Goats are herd animals and should not be kept as solitary pets. If possible a pair of goats should be kept.

A sufficient amount of space is required in order to keep your goat happy and healthy. The amount of space you require depends on the breed of goat you have as well as the number of goats.

It is important that you check local laws and bylaws to make sure that you are legally allowed to keep a goat as your pet, as many places do have restrictions on agricultural species.

Goats are prone to a number of infectious and chronic diseases so be sure you are able to provide your goat with necessary health care.

The most common health issue with goats involves parasites and worms. While goats can have some worms in their system, if there are too many they can become very sick and even die. It is important that vaccinations and other treatments for this issue are utilized. Young animals are most at risk and often need to be de-wormed one or more times before the age of one. Older goats build immunity to these parasites and may need little or no treatment. Although it is not registered by the Food and Drug Administration for use as a de-worming product, farmers often find that food grade diatomaceous earth works well for de-worming their goats. Goats should also be vaccinated each year for clostridial diseases including overeating disease and tetanus.

If your goat does become sick he or she will often keep to themselves and may stop eating. They may hang their head and have droopy ears and a droopy tail. You will be able to tell if your goat is in pain if he or she begins grinding their teeth. As well, you can check their temperature. A goat’s body temperature should be 102-103 degrees farenheit, with anything above this indicating a fever or infection.

**Please note: in the case that you encounter any medical problem with your pet goat, a veterinarian should be consulted for proper treatment.

Before purchasing a goat from a breeder, be sure that they follow good practices in terms of preventative medicine and proper treatment, care and conditions.

Once you have made the decision to keep a goat as a pet it is important to note that goats are known for their escape artist abilities. It is therefore important to make sure that you have a secure outside area or yard where your goat can roam. As much as your goat needs to be kept in, a secure area is important in order to keep predators out. Goats can be vulnerable to attacks by other animals such as dogs and coyotes, especially when tethered.

Your goat will need exercise. A yard of approximately 50 square feet is recommended however it is possible to provide your goat with the exercise it needs by taking him or her for a walk, to a park, etc.

You will also need to trim your goat’s hooves. This may need to be done every few months or as little as once a year depending on your goat. It is important to trim the hooves in order to prevent hoof problems and to allow your goat to walk normally. In order to do this you will need to purchase a proper pair of hoof or foot paring shears.

Proceed to trim your goat’s hooves while he or she is standing. Simply lift up the foot and trim the hoof back until you see that it is starting to look pink. This pink color is an indication that you are getting close to the blood supply. Once complete, the nail, sole and heel should be parallel with the growth bands that are around the outside of the hoof.

As for food, a goat will eat grass, but prefers to eat woody plants, shrubs, trees, and leaves as well as plants that you may not want them to eat.

Mature goats that do not have babies and are not pregnant require approximately 2 percent of their body weight in feed. For example, if your goat weighs 150 lbs it will require 3 pounds of feed per day. Young goats will have higher nutritional requirements.

It is recommended that you do not feed your goat too much grain, as this can lead to many health problems. As part of their diet, your goat should also be given a mineral that is formulated for them. Please consult your local feed or pet store for the proper feed for your goat.

Always provide your goat with access to fresh, clean water. If they do not drink a lot of water this most likely means that they are getting sufficient moisture from their feed.

It is important to keep your goat from becoming too fat. This is often hard to do with pet goats because it is difficult to have them on a hay or pasture diet.

As long as you are familiar with and prepared for the commitment that it takes to raise a goat, you will find that they are fun, enjoyable and rewarding pets.

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Pet Pigs

Keeping a pig as a house pet is becoming more and more popular. People assume that a pig will be easy to take care of and much like a cat or dog. While this can be true, it is important to understand the needs of a pig and to have realistic expectations. There are many pros and cons that must be considered before entering in to a commitment such as this. Although a pig can be a very exciting and rewarding pet, it also requires a lot of time and effort.

Each pig will have his or her own unique personality. Pigs are highly intelligent in fact, they are forth on the intelligence list only after humans, primates and dolphins and whales! They are kind and sensitive animals (especially if they have been spayed or neutered), they are easily trained, affectionate, curious, playful, clean, generally quiet, odor free, and usually non-allergenic, due to their bristly hair. Pigs can be litter box trained and if they do go outside they will normally only use one corner of the yard. They can live to be 10-20 years old and may weigh over 130 pounds.

Along with these positive characteristics come some cautions when keeping a pig as a house pet. For example, because they are highly intelligent, pigs may become bored easily and will find creative ways to entertain themselves, often being very destructive in the process. A bored pig may root up carpeting or linoleum floors, eat drywall, overturn house plants and root through the dirt.

Pigs may become aggressive around 18 months of age as they begin to vie for dominance (the place of “top pig”) among other pets and family members. This dominance aggression is also seen in dogs, therefore with any pet it is important to set boundaries and rules and to communicate with your animal that you are in charge. Pigs respond well to praise but do not do well with physical punishment.

Pigs are very determined when it comes to food. They can learn to open the fridge, cupboards, pantry and wherever else food may be kept. They can also become demanding, they may beg for food and even get aggressive with kids that have food.

As a natural instinct pigs will root in order to obtain essential vitamins and minerals from the ground. An area of soft dirt should be provided in the yard so they can fulfill their need to root. If your landscaping is important to you, you may want to reconsider having a pig as a pet.

Pigs are very susceptible to bronchitis and pneumonia and due to their tiny lung size they can die very quickly from these conditions. This can be caused by weather as well as stress. Veterinary care for a pig can be very expensive and an experienced vet that can provide proper care for a pig can be difficult to find. Be aware that local zoning laws may not allow you to keep a pig as a pet. As well, it is very important that you spay or neuter your pet pig. Females that have not been spayed will go in to heat every 21 days and will become very moody and unneutered males will have a strong, foul odor.

Once you have weighed the options and have decided to adopt a pig, be sure that you visit a conscientious, reputable breeder, or, better yet, adopt a pig from a shelter.

You will need good quality pig food and to provide your pig with regular vaccinations, hoof and tusk trims, and to have him or her spayed or neutered. Regular access to the outdoors for exercise is also a necessity.

Pigs are very social animals and will need a lot of attention and interaction. If possible you should consider keeping more than one pig.

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